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NLP Principles in Teaching Languages: Innovative Ideas
In our time, when the need to speak at least one foreign language grows, and when knowing another language is not a surprise, but a common thing, new methods of learning and teaching appear. No wonder that education and psychology cooperates on this matter. One of such perspective methods is neuro-linguistic programming, application of which in teaching can increase effectiveness of work of professor and better the quality of learning of students. Unfortunately, a lot of tutors still do not understand NLP technique and the effect it may have on work and communication with learners.
Neuro-linguistic programming is the complex of models, techniques, and principles (context-depended beliefs), which are mostly applied as an approach to the person’s development via modeling of effective strategies (thinking and behavioral). NLP often is called “an art and science of the individual’s improvement.” It is a notion from the sphere of Psychology, but here we will talk about it taking into account its connections to the process and system of education.
NLP and Language Teaching
It is necessary to mention 2 main methods of work with data to be applied in teaching: getting an access to the information kept in the memory, and processing data. Specific of this work is individual and is defined by the system of understandings or modality, based on which everyone understands the surrounding world in their specific way. System of understandings is based on the sensory dominance of a person, i.e. what of the five senses is dominant (eyesight, hearing, taste, touch, or smell) in perception of the surroundings.
4 Systems of Processing Data
According to NLP technique, a human being receives, codes, and keeps data based on 4 main systems of data processing. Everyone has a certain system, with an appropriate dominance.
- Visual, where the leading role is played by eyesight.
- Audial, where hearing is dominant.
- Kinesthetic, which is defined by tactile sense, touch, and moving.
- Audial-discrete, which is called “talking with oneself.”
Awareness on what system of understanding is prevalent in this or that student will help in effective information delivery and will ease the process of remembering of new information. An important fact is that most people have a visual system of understanding prevalent, as proven by research.
Application in Practice
So, having identified visual system prevalent in a student, a tutor or professor should make a conclusion that this student will process and remember data better with the help of images, imaginary pictures. This also means that the attempts to attract their attention with the help of sounds will face a failure. That is why the tutor should better take care of having handouts with evidence, illustrations etc. for the opportunity of the student to see the learning materials to remember. Only after such actions taken, it is fair to demand the reproduction of the received knowledge. The same logics should be followed in creation of methodical recommendations for work with students with other prevalent system of perception.
Notion of Rapport
Writing about the application of neuro-lingustic programming in teaching a foreign language, the notion of ‘rapport’ needs to be mentioned. Rapport in NLP is establishing a psychological connection with a person or group of people, which is characterized by the presence of common positive emotions and mutual understanding. Ability to establish rapport lies in a success of any process that deals with interpersonal communication. Obviously, teaching process falls into this category. Rapport makes it possible for teachers and professors to trigger the necessary reaction from students and create the needed level of motivation for getting knowledge on the subject taught. The better is rapport, the more prone the student is to learning and the better is an access to their sensory systems.
To sum up, we can say that NLP techniques have a big potential for the bettering of the system of education. There is no doubt that involving the NLP means in schools, colleges, and universities will make reaching the educative goals much more effective. This is another example of how understanding of psychology is vital for delivery of fruitful education.