Career in Biotechnology: Know the Career Prospects

Biotechnology is one of the most progressive scientific advances and has grown rapidly over the last few decades.In simpler terms, it istechnology application inbiology field. It covers the usage of living organisms and their innovative bioprocesses in technology, engineering, medicine, and many other areas.

Biotechnology is a widespread application, across multiple industries like food, chemical, pharmaceutical, bio-products, medicine, textiles, nutrition, animal sciences and environmental conservation. This makes itone of the fastest growing fields with ample opportunities.

Biotechnology is a very interesting field, which combines the theoretical (genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry, embryology and cell biology) and the practical (chemical engineering, information technology and robotics). You must opt a career in this stream if you have even little interest in biological sciences and will to showcase your problem solving skills.

To study this subject professionally, you can start with B.Sc in Biotechnology.Your analytical skills are developed if you start your career in biotechnology. As a minor prerequisite, you should be methodical and patient by nature, able to work accurately and ready for laboratory work. Basic knowledge of computers is required as well.

Scope and Career Prospects

Biotechnology is ranked as top second in the growth sector after the multimedia industry with a tremendous employment potential. Biotechnology is developing rapidly, at a good pace.

With increasing popularity and explosive growth,top firms are investing huge money in this sector.This in turn develops more business opportunities. This leads to increase in job opportunities under this sector.

After pursuing any of the rewarding course in Biotechnology, you may easily find bright profile jobs in various prominent industrial units such as pharmaceuticals, healthcare, chemicals, food processing, textile and research.You may find plenty of technical and managerialjobs in India and abroad. A bio-technologist may find jobs in the following fields:

  • Drug and pharmaceutical research
  • Public funded laboratories
  • Chemicals
  • Environment control
  • Waste management
  • Energy
  • Food processing
  • Bio-processing industries

Many government institutes and organizations offer various jobs for biotechnology educated scholars, such as Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, National Chemical Laboratory, National Botanical Institute, Energy Research Institute, Plants Institute, Central Aromatic, Indian Institute of Science, CSIR, Agricultural Research Institute, National Environment Research Institute, National Institute of Immunology, CDRI, IITs, Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Agricultural Research Centers, Dairy and Horticulture Institutes.

You can also expect lucrative salaries in the private sector. There are lots many drug development and research companies in India such as Dabur, Hindustan Lever,Hindustan Antibiotics, Thapar Group, Bincon India Ltd., Cadila, Indian Vaccines Corporation, Sun Pharma, Ranbaxy and Dr. Reddy’s Labs. These offer handsome salary packages to biotechnology professionals. Various industries employ the bio-technologists in their marketing divisions to develop business in sectors where their products are required.

Following are the most popular job roles that you may choose after pursuing any discipline in biotechnology:

  • Research Associate: There are various industries in India that are engaged in R&D of biological and chemical products.It is an interesting career that allows you to carry out experiments under the instructions of experienced scientists.
  • Research Scientist:If you obtain a Ph.D. degree in biotechnology,you have a great option to become a high-levelResearch Scientist. This requireworking along with established scientists to design and carry out experiments, and then developing reports for future references and publications. There is always demand for improvements in medicines and other health products. Research scientists tend to take up projects overseas, which is another lucrative option.
  • Engineer (Chemical, Electrical, Environmental and Industrial):In case you pursue an Engineering degree in biotechnology, it opens options for you in chemical, electrical, environmental and industrial streams. This position involvesapplication of biotechnology in these streams,ranging from building electrical devices safe for human to assisting in environmental research. Students from engineering stream are given much preference for biotechnology production jobs.
  • Sales Representative and Executive:After pursuing an undergraduate or postgraduate degree in biotechnology, you may choose to become a sales representative if you own great interpersonal and convincing skills.There you may need to work with hospitals, doctors and a wide range of medical institutions to keep them aware of the latest offerings of biotechnology.
  • Marketing Associate:If you become a biotechnology marketing associate, you need to manage and devise campaigns aimed at particular customer areas.This requires working with advertising agencies and maintaining a visible presence at medical conventions and trade shows.
  • Lab Technician:This field includes maintaining the equipment used by the scientists. It also includes assisting the scientists in various research projects.
  • Business Development Associate: This position involves working in the biotechnology firms with and introduce the products to negotiate agreements with strategic partners.
  • Teaching: If you pursue a post-graduation degree in biotechnology, you may definitely find a good job in some university or institute.

Salary Package

The Government of India provides large-scale employment to most bio-technologists in its research laboratories. Those employed as researchers in the government sector can expect a starting salary of INR 40,000 per month, along with some allowances.

The average starting salary offered to the biotechnology professionals may range between INR 2.4 to 9 Lakhs annually, which increases with experience and expertise.A skilled and experienced bio-technologist can get salaries far beyond expectations.

Top Courses

You may purse various undergraduate and postgraduate degree courses in biotechnology, which you may opt based on your qualification and interest. The common concepts covered in these courses include Biology, Bioinformatics, Research Design, Immunology, Applications, Epidemiology and Chemistry. Along with the theoretical concepts, each of the courses requires you to go through practical and field work.

Following are the various biotechnology courses that you may pursue:

  • Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) – Honors in Biotechnology
    Course Eligibility:12thin Physics, Chemistry, Biology with minimum 55% marks

Course Duration:3 Years

  • Master of Science (M.Sc.) in Biotechnology
    Course Eligibility:Sc. in Biology or Biotechnology
    Course Duration:2 Years
  • Sc.+M.Sc. Integrated Course in Biotechnology

Course Eligibility:12thin Physics, Chemistry, Biology with minimum 55% marks

Course Duration:4 Years

  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) in Biotechnology
    Eligibility:12thin Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Mathematics with minimum 60% marks
    Course Duration:4 Years
  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) in Bioengineering
    Eligibility:12thin Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Mathematics with minimum 60% marks
    Course Duration:4 Years
  • Integrated B.Tech./M.Tech. Dual Degree Program in Biotechnology
    12thin Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Mathematics with minimum 60% marks
    Course Duration:5 Years
  • Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) in Biotechnology
    Master’s degree in Biotechnology
    Course Duration:1 Year
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Biotechnology
    Master’s degree in Biotechnology
    Course Duration:3 Years

Admission to the above mentioned coursesis based on the entrance exams conducted by various offering universities and institutions. However, many institutes also evaluate admission based on merit or provide direct admission to the courses. The cost of these courses varies based on the course and institution selected.

The study of every complicated matter rewards you in its own way. Biotechnology may be considered as a bit twisted stream for study. But it enables you to use your knowledge in puttingbiological concepts in form. The stream might appeara bit challenging, but it opens plenty of scope for you, which you are going to admit once you get enrolled.